- Dianne Crampton says, “Not everyone needs to be a team player on technology teams.”
According to Crampton, “Empathy is required to create a work culture that is kind, supportive, creative and feels safe to be in.”
Let me cut to the chase. There is a secret to high performance technology teams. It’s not because everyone is a team player. It isn’t because individual IQ’s hit the ceiling because they are so high. The secret lies in how team members treat one another and whether female team members are held in high regard and occupy senior positions.
Let’s take a look at each of these two criteria individually.
Female team members are held in high regard and occupy senior positions.
Dianne Crampton, the founder of TIGERS Success Series, a management consulting company founded in 1987, recently spoke about a Harvard Business study on team composition that just concluded collective IQ is not an indicator of high-performance teams. The study conducted by Professors Woolley and Malone, along with Christopher Chabris, Sandy Pentland, and Nada Hashmi, observed teams made up of people from age 18 to 60. Team members were randomly assigned and were given standard intelligence tests. Then they were given a complex problem to solve. The teams made up of people with the highest IQ’s did not outperform other teams. Those teams that did out-perform the others had more women in them.
You are probably wondering, “Why is that?”
The Harvard study concluded that, social sensitivity is a key skill for group maintenance and that women consistently score higher than men on the social sensitivity scale. The teams composed of men also displayed more team dysfunction, such as dominating group decision making with singular or individual opinions.
Crampton adds that women, on the other hand, drew everyone into the conversation and were better listeners. As a result, complex problem solving was more successful. Team members were more engaged and committed to outcomes. They also understood their own roles better and how their individual performance impacted other members of the team.
For IT teams, this means that projects are more on target when women in leadership positions are on them. This also means from a bottom line business perspective that projects roll out with the potential of completion ahead of schedule and under budget.
Perhaps you already knew this. If you are the CEO of a technology company, then another statistic should alarm you, says Crampton.
One more study of 500 Tech Companies found that companies with a good mix of women earn more. They make more sales. They keep their customers. Yet mid-level female technology executives are leaving companies because of poor working environments. The women love their jobs but not the way they are treated by male co-workers in the workforce.
What is most alarming for the bottom line of IT companies that the women who are leaving generally hold mid-executive positions. When they leave, there is a noticeable brain drain in the organization. They take organizational history, their stellar performance and experience with them.
What’s the solution? This leads us to condition number two.
How team members treat one another, the company and customers.
Dianne Crampton says, “Not everyone needs to be a team player on technology teams.” This means that leadership style and personality inventories are good to a point. Team members learn that how individual team members think, process information and communicate can be different. This is OK. Taken a step further, there is awareness that people come to the table with different strengths when solving problems and achieving goals. They also become defensive in different ways when egos are challenged.
What corrals this diversity is a behavior agreement that outlines and dictates how people are expected to treat one another in the company and on project teams. Behavior agreements form a very important step in sound organizational development called group norms.
Group norms are shared expectations on behavior. When left to develop on their own, group norms form the underground current and unspoken way things are done in the organization. An example of unproductive and harmful unspoken group norms is that women are treated poorly even when they hold mid-level executive positions. Women are paid at a lower rate than men to perform comparable work. Other unproductive group norms are when hostility, gender put downs and sexual harassment are tolerated.
So, what are examples of positive group norms that are measurable and easy to track asks Dianne Crampton?
Recently Crampton made available a sample assessment report of six principles required for high performance work culture and work teams. The six principles are trust, interdependence, genuineness, empathy, risk resolution and success. The six principles form the acronym, TIGERS® and are anchored by behaviors that are easily seen in how employees treat one another, your organization and customers on a daily basis. Founded by work culture, change agent and team development consultant, Dianne Crampton, the TIGERS six principles were based on 5 years of group dynamic research and validation. And, if you want to see how your organization lines up with the six principles, there is an assessment called the TIGERS Workforce Behavioral Profile™ that is available for you to run on your own and with your own human resource personnel.
From my interview with Crampton, let’s look at each of the six TIGERS principles. Let’s also look at some behaviors you might consider incorporating into your own behavioral group norms.
Trust is the belief and confidence in the integrity, reliability, competency, predictability and fairness of a person or organization. Trust is an essential human requirement. It is required for people to form positive and cooperative relationships. As a group norm, it reduces group friction when conflict or problems arise. It forms over time and, if abused, takes time to rebuild.
According to Crampton, people become nervous and defensive with one another if any of the following occur:
- Decisions are perceived to be unfair.
- Behavior is inconsistent and unpredictable.
- Leaders or team members fail to follow through on commitments.
- Leaders or team members lack transparency, misrepresent what is true or lie to cover up mistakes.
Crampton adds that trust is so important to group relationships that both work culture and department performance suffer if trust is damaged. It also has an impact on group problem- solving. In low trust work groups, problem solving actually breaks down.
She shared some examples of group norms that keep trust high. They include:
- Everyone shares needed information freely.
- We discuss ideas and disappointments freely.
- We expect high levels of give-and-take in our work assignments.
- We support one another.
- We respect one another.
- We are committed and accountable to group goals.
- We are committed to maintaining good team relationships.
- We tell the truth.
Interdependence is based on the idea that successful team performance is based on the collective contributions of everyone involved. Therefore, this principle requires self-awareness, time for reflection, the desire to cooperate with others and appreciation for the different skills, strengths and talents each team member brings to a project. It requires effective communication, goal clarity and accountability for maintaining positive team relationships to accomplish goals on time and with quality.
According to Crampton, the core of Interdependence is cooperation and accountability. This means team members assume responsibility for improving their own technical, communication and relationship maintenance skills. Therefore, interdependence is necessary for:
- Effective communication between team members;
- Individual role accountability;
- Individual skill improvement;
- Teamwork and collaboration; and,
- Sharing and exchanging leadership roles based on task assignments.
Here are some examples Crampton shares of group norms that keep Interdependent behavior high.
- We cooperate with other another rather than compete to get things done.
- We do more with less.
- We base role assignments on the strengths individual team members bring to the team.
- We request training when we believe skills are lacking.
Genuineness promotes sincere, honest, respectful and direct communication in an open and responsible way. One way to encourage genuine behavior is to openly promote critical thinking. Another way is to engage a system for effective problem solving. An effective system would take into consideration both negative and positive consequences before choosing a resolution. This gives team members the opportunity to bring their contrary insights and perspectives to the table for consideration within the framework of good problem-solving design.
Crampton says there are obstacles that diminish genuineness on teams and in the workplace. They include:
- Fear of being forthright about one’s thoughts and perspectives because of potential repercussions.
- Avoidance of reality.
- Desire to conceal ulterior motives.
- Performance anxiety.
- Lack of skill in giving a receiving clear, constructive feedback.
- Lack of skill in coaching performance.
Some examples of group norms are:
- We honestly and respectfully clear up misunderstandings we have with one another face-to-face.
- We do not gossip about one another.
- We welcome controversy and different view-points and use these for effective problem solving, planning and decision-making.
- We communicate our honest perspectives even when our perspective goes against how things are currently done.
- We bring solutions to problem-solving rather than complaints.
- If we see a problem, we bring it to attention right away.
According to Crampton, relationship conflict impacts productivity and undermines team performance. The permission to share perceptions, thoughts and insights within the framework of positive inquiry actually builds relationships and accentuates team member strengths. Therefore, Genuineness is essential for high-performance work culture and team success.
Empathy is the ability to understand the feelings and ideas of another person whether that person agrees with you or not. It is the ability to imagine what another person’s situation might feel like if situations were flipped.
Crampton says that employees have common rights that are linked to empathy. These rights include:
- The right to respect.
- The right to emotional safety.
- The right to physical safety.
- The opportunity for professional growth and fulfillment.
Crampton also emphasizes that those employees who use empathy to understand another employee’s thoughts and actions display high levels of personal power. This is the type of power needed to take action to improve understanding during conflict and to initiate relationship improvements.
According to Crampton, “Empathy is required to create a work culture that is kind, supportive, creative and feels safe to be in.”
Here are some examples of group norms that reinforce empathy:
- We seek first to understand what went wrong and solve problems at the root cause rather than blaming team members for mistakes.
- We listen before interjecting our own ideas.
- We clear up misunderstandings within twenty-four hours of occurrence.
- We communicate if we are feeling defensive and need to take a break before continuing with difficult conversations.
- We treat one another with respect and kindness.
Risk is the potential exposure to loss or injury. It is the hesitation people feel before they disclose something that might result in repercussion. On the downside, the fear of risk results in stagnation. On the upside, risk is the fuel behind change and innovation.
According to Crampton, organizations that are risk resolving do not shame people for making mistakes. Instead they are learning organizations that analyze the root cause of failure and learn from mistakes.
She adds that risk requires specific commitments from both leaders and team members. They are:
- Good problem-solving and critical-thinking systems and skills;
- Self-motivation for continuous improvement;
- A positive attitude toward honest mistakes;
- A system for bringing mistakes to light quickly and efficiently; and,
- The use of measuring and monitoring processes that correct problems as they occur and after goals are achieved.
Some examples of risk resolving group norms are:
- We stop processes immediately when mistakes are found.
- Not dealing with a problem or mistake is prohibited.
- We continually learn to improve our work skills, social skills and attitudes.
- We are courageous and try new ways of doing things to keep up with our market.
- We are committed to solving problems at the root cause.
Success is profitably accomplishing what an organization has set out to do. There is also an element of employee psychological satisfaction for goals achieved.
Cohesive work groups and project teams possess group norm integrity. Members contribute diverse knowledge, experience and skills to achieve more complex goals than independent workers can do on their own. Therefore, information sharing, commitment and accountability for the process are essential for successful goal achievement.
Crampton says that from a work culture perspective, success keeps organizations in business. From a team cooperation perspective, it is important that every employee clearly understands and commits to the culture and group norms of behavior along with the organization’s purpose, mission, values and goals. Without this team failure or high turnover is an outcome.
Some example of success oriented group norms are:
- We recognize one another for successful goal achievement.
- We adhere to our time commitments.
- We have team meeting procedures clearly outlined and every employee is accountable for them.
- We bring problems to light in our deliverables way in advance of when our deliverables are do so problems can be resolved.
- We demonstrate our appreciation for the skills and talents each team member brings to a project.
- We enforce our group norms of behavior. Repeated infractions by any employee are grounds for termination.
- We freely share information with one another so our goals are successful.
- We rally around a team member who is stuck on a problem and work together to resolve it.
The secret to high performance technology teams is based on two conditions. The first is ensuring that women occupy leadership positions on teams. The second is developing high functioning and measurable group norms of behavior that apply to everyone.
Challenging and clashing personalities do not have to equal workplace drama when behavioral norms are in place. This frees team leaders and managers to actually get work done rather than dealing with personality problems.
Once you have developed your group norms, then other guidelines can be developed that enhance group process. Just make sure you have skilled women on your team and that your group norms are in order and committed to by everyone.
Back to you! Do you identify with any of the above examples? Are you a woman in leadership? Please leave a message!
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Joanne Victoria, The I Know What Works Coach, is the author of 7 books including Lighting Your Path - How To Create the Life You Want and Pushy For a Moment-Instant Solutions to Everyday Challenges. Joanne is the host of the "The San • IT Project Podcast", and partners with IT Professionals inTelecommunications, Technology, Entertainment and Mass Media .